Whether you've got well water or city water, you should never have to question the safety of what comes out of your tap. Most city water sources have a treatment process where the water is disinfected with a series of chemicals as well as chlorine. Well water, on the other hand, may not have these same chemicals in it, but can absorb minerals and contaminants from the ground. Ensure the safety of your family's drinking water by setting up a water system maintenance for your home.
In many of the large, commercial water treatment facilities, ultraviolet light has become a standard resource. The UV rays eliminate microbes in the water, reducing your exposure to a variety of pathogens. In addition to the large UV lights used in these industrial environments, several manufacturers make consumer-sized lights designed for use in the home. When you need peace of mind, turn the light on over a container of water for a minute or two.
One of the oldest methods used for purifying water, boiling is still an effective method for getting rid of bacteria in your water. Most living organisms are unable to withstand the boiling temperatures and won't survive the process. Put the water into a clean, sanitized kettle or pot. Bring the water to a heavy rolling boil for at least a minute to get the benefits of the process.
Whole-house water filtration gives you a comprehensive water treatment option for removing sediment, chemicals and other contaminants from the water. If you're looking for a whole-house system, consider one that uses a three-stage filter system.
Stage 1: Sediment Filter
The first stage of a three-stage filtration system is the sediment filter. This filter section catches all of the larger contaminants that may be in the water. The filter itself is usually made of cellulose, polyester or something similar. Cellulose is the most effective filter, but polyester is the longest lasting because it's the most resistant to bacteria.
Stage 2: Chlorine Purifier
Once the water passes through the sediment filter, it moves into the chlorine purification system. This section of the system converts the chlorine molecules in the water to chloride. Most of the filters designed for this purpose are made from a mixture of zinc and copper, so they are reusable and even recyclable.
Chlorine filtration is important, because most municipal water systems use chlorine as a disinfectant. The odor and flavor can be offensive, so having a filter with this type of function can help you get rid of the chlorine residue in your water.
Stage 3: Activated Carbon Filter
The final stage of a three-stage filtration system is activated carbon. This is used to attract any positively charged contaminants and particles present in the water. Carbon is negatively charged, which allows it to attract those particles. Carbon filters are either solid, porous or granular and must be changed frequently for the best operation.
Distillation is a great way to purify your water. When you heat water to its evaporating point, you can collect the condensation and cool it to produce clean, pure water. The reason that this process is effective is because the contaminants in the water don't evaporate with the water. Instead, they are left behind in the container you boiled the water in. That means that the steam and condensation are free of any contamination. It can be a time-consuming process, but it is highly effective.
If you're looking for a water purification system for your home, you should talk with a water treatment company about what your options are. As you can see, there are many different approaches to water filtration, and your purification service can test your water to tell you what will be most effective.
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